H.R. 302 was signed into law 05 October 2018.
Two key sections require the FAA to update some of the regulations for Flight and Duty time Limitations and Rest Requirements.
SEC. 315. AVIATION RULEMAKING COMMITTEE FOR PART 135 PILOT REST AND DUTY RULES.
(a) IN GENERAL. —Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall convene an aviation rulemaking committee to review, and develop findings and recommendations regarding, pilot rest and duty rules under part 135 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.
(b) DUTIES. —The Administrator shall—
(1) not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report based on the findings of the aviation rulemaking committee; and
(2) not later than 1 year after the date of submission of the report under paragraph (1), issue a notice of proposed rulemaking based on any consensus recommendations reached by the aviation rulemaking committee.
(c) COMPOSITION. —The aviation rulemaking committee shall consist of members appointed by the Administrator, including—
(1) representatives of industry;
(2) representatives of aviation labor organizations, including collective bargaining units representing pilots who are covered by part 135 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, and subpart K of part 91 of such title; and
(3) aviation safety experts with specific knowledge of flight crew member education and training requirements under part 135 of such title.
(d) CONSIDERATIONS. —The Administrator shall direct the aviation rulemaking committee to consider—
(1) recommendations of prior part 135 rulemaking committees;
(2) accommodations necessary for small businesses;
(3) scientific data derived from aviation-related fatigue and sleep research;
(4) data gathered from aviation safety reporting programs;
(5) the need to accommodate the diversity of operations conducted under part 135, including the unique duty and rest time requirements of air ambulance pilots; and
(6) other items, as appropriate.
SEC. 335. FLIGHT ATTENDANT DUTY PERIOD LIMITATIONS AND REST REQUIREMENTS.
(a) MODIFICATION OF FINAL RULE. —
(1) IN GENERAL. —Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall modify the final rule of the Federal Aviation Administration published in the Federal Register on August 19, 1994 (59 Fed. Reg. 42974; relating to flight attendant duty period limitations and rest requirements) in accordance with the requirements of this subsection.
(2) CONTENTS. —The final rule, as modified under para-graph (1), shall ensure that—
(A) a flight attendant scheduled to a duty period of 14 hours or less is given a scheduled rest period of at least 10 consecutive hours; and
(B) the rest period is not reduced under any circumstances.
(b) FATIGUE RISK MANAGEMENT PLAN. —
(1) SUBMISSION OF PLAN BY PART 121 AIR CARRIERS. —Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment of this Act, each air carrier operating under part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (in this section referred to as a ‘‘part 121 air carrier’’), shall submit to the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration for review and acceptance a fatigue risk management plan for the carrier’s flight attendants.
(2) CONTENTS OF PLAN. —A fatigue risk management plan submitted by a part 121 air carrier under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
(A) Current flight time and duty period limitations.
(B) A rest scheme consistent with such limitations that enables the management of flight attendant fatigue, including annual training to increase awareness of—
(ii) the effects of fatigue on flight attendants; and
(iii) fatigue countermeasures.
(C) Development and use of a methodology that continually assesses the effectiveness of implementation of the plan, including the ability of the plan—
(i) to improve alertness; and
(ii) to mitigate performance errors.
(3) REVIEW. —Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall review and accept or reject each fatigue risk management plan submitted under this subsection. If the Administrator rejects a plan, the Administrator shall provide suggested modifications for re-submission of the plan.
(4) PLAN UPDATES. —
(A) IN GENERAL. —A part 121 air carrier shall update its fatigue risk management plan under paragraph (1) every 2 years and submit the update to the Administrator for review and acceptance.
(B) REVIEW. —Not later than 1 year after the date of submission of a plan update under subparagraph (A), the Administrator shall review and accept or reject the update. If the Administrator rejects an update, the Administrator shall provide suggested modifications for re-submission of the update.
(5) COMPLIANCE. —A part 121 air carrier shall comply with the fatigue risk management plan of the air carrier that is accepted by the Administrator under this subsection.
(6) CIVIL PENALTIES. —A violation of this subsection by a part 121 air carrier shall be treated as a violation of chapter 447 of title 49, United States Code, for purposes of the application of civil penalties under chapter 463 of that title.